Update: if you are using Ubuntu 15.04, you can have a look at this script by Maulik Mistry.
I just installed PHP 7.0.0-dev (based on PHPNG) on my GNU/Linux box (Ubuntu 14.04) and I found some errors during the procedure. I decided to write this note to help people using the same Ubuntu environment.
Before to start I would like to remind that PHP 7 is still in development and SHOULD NOT BE USED in production environments. I installed to try and experiment the new features of the language. The first stable release of PHP 7 is scheduled by the end of the year, with a projected release date of November 2015.
To install PHP 7 we need to clone the php-src repository, configure and compile. Let’s create a php7 folder in the home directory and clone the project:
mkdir $HOME/php7 cd $HOME/php7 git clone https://git.php.net/repository/php-src.git
After that, we need to prepare and configure the compiler. We need to execute the following commands:
cd php-src ./buildconf ./configure \ --prefix=$HOME/php7/usr \ --with-config-file-path=$HOME/php7/usr/etc \ --enable-mbstring \ --enable-zip \ --enable-bcmath \ --enable-pcntl \ --enable-ftp \ --enable-exif \ --enable-calendar \ --enable-sysvmsg \ --enable-sysvsem \ --enable-sysvshm \ --enable-wddx \ --with-curl \ --with-mcrypt \ --with-iconv \ --with-gmp \ --with-pspell \ --with-gd \ --with-jpeg-dir=/usr \ --with-png-dir=/usr \ --with-zlib-dir=/usr \ --with-xpm-dir=/usr \ --with-freetype-dir=/usr \ --with-t1lib=/usr \ --enable-gd-native-ttf \ --enable-gd-jis-conv \ --with-openssl \ --with-mysql=/usr \ --with-pdo-mysql=/usr \ --with-gettext=/usr \ --with-zlib=/usr \ --with-bz2=/usr \ --with-recode=/usr \ --with-mysqli=/usr/bin/mysql_config
During the execution of configure command, I found a couple of errors.
Error: Your t1lib distribution is not installed correctly.
I fixed using:
sudo apt-get install libt1-dev
Error: Unable to locate gmp.h
I tried to install the libgmp-dev library:
sudo apt-get install libgmp-dev
but the library was already installed, so I search for it:
and I found it on /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/gmp.h (I’m using a 64bit version).
I tried to symlink it to /usr/include/gmp.h (the default location for include):
ln -s /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/gmp.h /usr/include/gmp.h
and finally the configure execution was successful. If you find other errors on your environment I suggest to read this post by Maciej Zgadzaj, where he reported a list of possible errors and solutions for Ubuntu systems.
Now it’s time to compile PHP 7 with the following commands:
make make install
The first command compile the PHP. I took about 9 minutes to compile PHP 7 on my computer (Intel i5-2500 at 3.3Ghz). The second command install the PHP modules and configuration in $HOME/php7/usr folder.
We have almost done the installation, we just need to create the php.ini file in the $HOME/php7/usr/etc folder. We can easily create it using vi with the following commands:
mkdir $HOME/php7/usr/etc vi $HOME/php7/usr/etc/php.ini
We can use the following content for the php.ini:
max_execution_time=600 memory_limit=128M error_reporting=0 display_errors=0 log_errors=0 user_ini.filename= realpath_cache_size=2M cgi.check_shebang_line=0 zend_extension=opcache.so opcache.enable_cli=1 opcache.save_comments=0 opcache.fast_shutdown=1 opcache.validate_timestamps=1 opcache.revalidate_freq=60 opcache.use_cwd=1 opcache.max_accelerated_files=100000 opcache.max_wasted_percentage=5 opcache.memory_consumption=128 opcache.consistency_checks=0
And finally we can test PHP using the command line interface (CLI):
You will get a result like this:
PHP 7.0.0-dev (cli) (built: xxx) Copyright (c) 1997-2015 The PHP Group Zend Engine v3.0.0-dev, Copyright (c) 1998-2015 Zend Technologies
If you want to learn about the new features of PHP 7 I suggest to read the following resources: